The Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE) was established in 2007, from the then Ministry of Water, Lands and Environment, following the cabinet decision taken on 15th April, 2007. It has the overall responsibility of the development, managing, and regulating water and Environment resources in Uganda.  

The Vision of the Water and Environment Sector is ‘Sound management and sustainable utilisation of Water and Environment resources for the betterment of the population of Uganda.’Its’ Mission is ‘To promote and ensure the rational and sustainable utilisation, development and effective management of water and environment resources for socio-economic development of the country’. The Mandate of the Ministry is derived from the Constitution and the Local Government Act and includes initiating legislation, policy formulation, setting standards, inspections, monitoring, and coordination and back up technical support in relation to water and environment sub sectors.