As a party to the Paris Agreement, BiH has an obligation to report on its progress towards the NDC (nationally determined contribution) and on other aspects of climate change action based on improved transparency frameworks in accordance with Article 13 of the Agreement. Article 13 provides a framework for improved transparency with an aim to build mutual trust and reliability and promoting the effective implementation of the activities identified by the NDC.

Currently, Bosnia and Herzegovina has to meet its growing reporting obligations with limited resources. The country needs to move from an ad hoc climate change monitoring, reporting and verification system to a continuous data collection system with an emphasis on collecting high quality data. At the same time, the country needs to address data coordination and data flow issues to become more efficient in reporting and to avoid duplication and unnecessary burden on data providers.

Transition from often scattered, inconsistently updated and different methodologies between two different BiH entities and between different sectors to an integrated, robust system will require new legal support for data exchange and an integrated system of measurement, reporting and verification. The benefits, however, will be significant. The country will receive the information needed to achieve its political goals of green economic development and EU accession and will be able to speak with one voice on climate change as a party to the UNFCCC and to other multilateral environmental agreements.

 

Theory of change

 

The overall objective of the project is to enable Bosnia and Herzegovina to develop its capacity to meet the requirements of the transparency framework in accordance with the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

 

The project envisages the following:

 

  • Strengthening institutions to improve monitoring and reporting practices,
  • Establishing a domestic system of climate change monitoring, reporting and verification,
  • Improving information for gas inventory, greenhouse effect and NDC,
  • Capacity building to strengthen and harmonize legislation in the field of monitoring, reporting and verification.

To achieve the desired change, the project will support the country in a number of ways, such as strengthening relevant legislation, including bylaws, supporting coordination between institutions in charge of supervision, reporting and verification, designing and launching monitoring, reporting and verification systems for reporting purposes in accordance with Article 13, which may also support other environmental reporting obligations, improve the GHG inventory in BiH and the NDC BiH, integrate gender mainstreaming into monitoring, reporting and verification and support regional mutual exchange between related institutions.

 

As part of component 1:

 

The project addresses institutional and organizational barriers for transparency using bylaws to establish three types of coordination: vertical public sector coordination; horizontal coordination of the public sector and coordination between government and private sector data providers, and the flow and reduction of overlap and duplication.

 

This component also introduces a simplified monitoring, reporting and verification system for the collection, analysis and reporting of climate change-related data, which will rely on existing databases and reduce the number of reports required by individual government actors.

 

The composition of monitoring, reporting and verification will strive to adhere to the principles of the European Environment Agency's Joint Environmental Information System (SEIS). These principles stipulate that in the context of environmental information: 1) this information should be managed as close as possible to its source; 2) they need to be collected once and distributed to others for different purposes; 3) they should be easily accessible in order to facilitate the implementation of reporting obligations; 4) should be easily accessible to all users, 5) should be accessible to ensure comparisons at the appropriate geographical level and citizen participation; 6) should be fully accessible to the general public both at the level of BiH and in the local language; 7) They should be supported by common, free open source software standards.

 

As part of component 2:

 

The project addresses organizational and individual barriers for transparency in this component, activities designed to address specific barriers to creating an improved transparency framework. Training, exchanges between related institutions and accompanying forms and guidelines will enable continuous capacity building and optimal use of the system introduced under component 1.

 

In both components, the realization of the set goals and adjusted activities is based on the following assumptions: 1) stable political situation and strong, constant support of the authorities to the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement; 2) The Inter-Entity Environmental Protection Authority shall ensure coordination in the field of monitoring, reporting and verification; 3) Government officials will have sufficient time for training, and training support will continue to be strong; and 4) Knowledge products will continue to be available to decision makers and the public through the national climate change website.

 

The proposed approach is the best strategy to address the identified causes for the following reasons:

 

• Resolves capacity gaps by reducing workload when collecting and entering data,

• The system is switching from ad hoc, individual data collection to continuous monitoring, reporting and verification,

• Reduces overlaps and inefficiencies in data collection,

• The quality of collected data increases.


ba-Flag
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Southern Europe
Title
Integrated reporting and transparency system of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Objective

Development of Bosnia and Herzegovina's capacities to meet the requirements of the transparency framework under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change

GEF project grant
USD 1.200.000

Project outcomes

Strenghtening institutions to improve monitoring and reporting praxis and to establish a domestic MRV system

Improvement of  GHG inventories and NDC information

Stakeholders

Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Ministry of Spacial Planning, Construction, and Ecology of Republic of Srpska

Ministry of Environment and Tourism of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Hydro-meteorological Institutes

Statistical Institutes

Federal Ministry for Energy, Mining and Industry

Ministry for Industry, Energy and Mining of Republic of Srpska

Federal Ministry for Agriculture and Water Management

Federal Ministry of Transport and Communication

Ministry of Transport and Communications of Republic of Srpska

Agricultural Institute

Economics Institute

Faculties of Mechanical Engineering

Faculties of Sciences

Representatives  of  energy, petrochemical, metallurgical, and mining industries

Civil societry organizations

Knowledge Management Approaches

Dissemination and maintenance of on-line  based database and learning forums

Promotion  of knowledge sharing culture and coordination with other relevant sectors

Benefit from the information and lessons learned generated by similar initiatives as well as from the CBIT Global Coordination Platform

Social  media  will  be  used  to  augment  the  outreach,  and  the tools, findings, or manuals, will be posted for public consumption


Meet the focal point of the project
Zoran Skenderija
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Zoran Skenderija
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Indicators on capacity for transparency
Institutional capacity for transparency-related activities
Institutional capacity for transparency-related activities Target (1 - 4) Baseline (1 - 4) Mid-term evaluation (1 - 4) Terminal evaluation (1 - 4)
Number of Project Beneficiaries
4
1
pending pending
Quality of MRV Systems
4
1
pending pending
Institutional Capacity for Transparency-Related Activities
4
2
pending pending
Quality of MRV Systems
Quality of MRV Systems Target (1 - 10) Baseline (1 - 10) Mid-term evaluation (1 - 10) Terminal evaluation (1 - 10)
Strengthening institutions to establish domestic MRV system
7
2
pending pending
Improvement of GHG inventories and NDC information
7
2
pending pending

Indicators on project results
Indicator
Indicator Target Baseline Source of verification
Legislation prescribes formalized, mandated transparency-related data collection and exchange 7 2 updated legislation
Receipt of information; scale of improvement in knowledge, # of CSOs trained in transparency issues 7 2 stakeheolders interview
Functionality of MRV system 7 2 updated analyses, legislations and roles and responsibilites
Capacity of data providers and processors to use the MRV system 7 1 Updated strategy
Number of data providers and analysts trained in 2006 guidelines 7 2 Updated strategy
Presence of QA/QC plan and program for GHG inventories 7 1 Updated analyses and methods suggested
Strengthened NDC baseline projections and progress against NDC tracked 7 2 updated analyses
Formal system for the collection of gender-disaggregated data 7 1 ProDoc
Availability of peer exchanges 7 2 updated communication and partnership
Dissemination of knowledge through peer exchanges and other peer learning 7 2 updated analyses and stakeholders interviews

Progress
In terms of the overall development objective, the project has taken important steps in contributing to the design and operationalization of a comprehensive domestic Monitoring Reporting and Verification (MRV) system. Part of this, the project has been actively involved in the establishment of the Environmental Information System (EIS) of BiH, which will be a crucial tool for enabling the transparent, timely and accurate collection, analysis and archiving of environmental and climate change information, thus contributing to enhanced institutional capacities in implementing transparency related activities.
Status of project outputs and activities
Outcome

1.1 Strenghtening institutions to improve monitoring and reporting praxis and to establish a domestic MRV system

Outputs
Output

1.1.1 Revise relevant environmental and air protection laws related to monitoring and reporting on GHG emissions

Activities or deliverables
Activity or deliverable

The project has completed an analysis of the current legislative framework for MRV processes in BiH and developed a proposal for amendments to the relevant laws and regulations in the field of GHG monitoring to assign clear roles and responsibilities in data collection and exchange process

Status
Completed
Output

1.1.2 Establishment of an inter-ministerial coordination committee with all existing stakeholders (public sector, private sector, civil society, academia, etc.) in order to improve reporting praxis

Activities or deliverables
Activity or deliverable

The project has initiated organization of Working Group consisted of ministries (environment, spatial planning, agriculture, forestry, energy etc), agencies for statistics, funds for environment, water hydrometeorology institutes, water management

Status
Completed
Activity or deliverable

The Steering Board has been nominated ( including representatives from Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations, Ministry of spatial planning, construction and ecology of Republika Srpska, Ministry of environment and tourism of Federation of BiH and representatives from Brcko District)

Status
Completed
Output

1.1.3 Design and implementation of a domestic MRV system

Activities or deliverables
Activity or deliverable

The project has completed an analysis of the current legislative framework for MRV processes in BiH and developed a proposal for amendments to the relevant laws and regulations in the field of GHG monitoring to assign clear roles and responsibilities in data collection and exchange process

Status
Completed
Activity or deliverable

The Project initiated meetings with the following 3 (three) CSOs to design and implement joint initiatives, including trainings on transparency:
1) Gender Agency BiH (state level)
2) Gender Center of FBiH (entity level)
3) Gender Center of RS (entity) level

Status
20% Complete
Activity or deliverable

The comprehensive MRV system with formalized legal and institutional arrangements is under development with the involvement of the following 6 (six) public institutions from entity levels:

Status
40% Complete
Activity or deliverable

Training sessions on the application of Environment Information Systems, including the M&E and MRV components started and first round of MRV trainings will start 22nd September 2022 targeting participants from public and private sectors.

Status
30% Complete
Outcome

2.1 Improvement of GHG inventories and NDC information

Outputs
Output

2.1.1 Improvement of the GHG inventory development process, including enhanced use of the IPCC 2006 guidelines, data collection and QA/QC

Activities or deliverables
Activity or deliverable

The project has conducted detailed training needs assessment and developed a training program to improve capacities in GHG Inventory preparation, including a training on Quality Assurance and Quality Control (QA/QC). A draft proposal for QA/QC training has been drafted (training started)

Status
Completed
Activity or deliverable

A comprehensive QA/QC plan has been developed.
As a part of the QA/QC plan recommendations on clear roles and responsibilities have been provided to; National QA/QC coordinator, Regional QA/QC coordinator, Regional and national sectoral leads, Regional and national sectoral seconds

Status
Completed
Output

2.1.2 Clarifying key NDC information, e.g. baseline projections including for business-as-usual targets, and assisting in reporting progress towards achieving BiH NDC

Activities or deliverables
Activity or deliverable

The system to track progress of NDC implementation is under development. The M&E and MRV components of the EIS will serve as the main tool and formal platform for generating the data and information necessary for tracking the progress of BiH’s NDC implementation and achievements

Status
50% Complete
Output

2.1.3 Integrating gender considerations in NDC and enhanced transparency framework

Activities or deliverables
Activity or deliverable

There is a related need for collection of gender-disaggregated data and analysis in key sectors of GHG inventory and NDC implementation and the secondary legislation (Rulebook) will formalize the collection of data. MRV indicators are under development and will include gender disaggregated data

Status
10% Complete
Output

2.1.4 A regional peer exchange program in place to improve transparency related capacities through best practices and information and lessons learned exchange

Activities or deliverables
Activity or deliverable

The project is organizing a peer exchange event in December 2022 The aim of the event is to bring together government representatives of WB countries to identify & match theirs needs with existing tools&solutions, to provide environment for constructive dialogues and for strengthening partherships.

Status
20% Complete
Activity or deliverable

Environmental Information System have been presented at country level to an expert group and international forum where experts around region, European Union and other countries, shared their experiences and best practices, role models and know-how

Status
Completed
English

Concept note of the project, describing the project's objective, outcomes and outputs.

English

This project aims to assist Bosnia and Herzegovina in developing its capacity to fulfill its obligations under Article 13 of the Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The project strengthens institutions to improve monitoring and reporting praxis, establish a domestic climate change MRV system, and improve information that forms the basis of its GHG inventories and Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC).

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Summary
  1. Strengthening institutions to improve monitoring and reporting practices,
  2. Establishing a domestic system of climate change monitoring, reporting and verification,
  3. Improving information for gas inventory, greenhouse effect and NDC,
  4. Capacity building to strengthen and harmonize legislation in the field of monitoring, reporting and verification.
  5. Institutional and organizational barriers for transparency using bylaws to establish three types of coordination: vertical public sector coordination; horizontal coordination of the public sector and coordination between government and private sector data providers, and the flow and reduction of overlap and duplication
  6. Activities designed to address specific barriers to creating an improved transparency framework. Training, exchanges between related institutions and accompanying forms and guidelines

Level of capacity
  12-2018
Reporting national greenhouse gas inventory
45%
Reporting progress made in implementing NDCs
3%
Reporting on climate change impacts and adaptation
4%
Reporting financial, technology transfer, and capacity-building support needed and received
0%
ba-Flag
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Southern Europe
Ratification of UNFCCC
07 . Sep . 2000
Kyoto Protocol
16 . Apr . 2007
Paris Agreement
16 . Mar . 2017
Population
2017
3,507.00
Thousands
SourceUN Data
GDP per Capita
2015
4,265.00
current US$
SourceUN Data
Energy Production
2014
252.00
Petajoules
SourceUN Data
Total GHG Emissions per Sector
Year 2014
UNIT GG CO2 Equivalent
SourceUNFCCC
Energy
20,154.00
Industry
2,188.00
Agriculture
2,453.00
Land Use Change and Forestry
-6,398.00
Waste
945.00
Transparency Information
Submited National Communications 2010 2013 2017
Submitted Biennial Update Reports 2015 2017
Submitted GHG Inventories 2010
International Consultation and Analysis 2016
National Climate Policy
Long-term Strategies
Pending
National Adaptation Plans
Pending